School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports(SWPBIS)School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) is a proactive approach to establishing the behavioral supports and social culture needed for all students in a school to achieve social, emotional, and academic success.One of the foremost advances in school-wide discipline is the emphasis on school-wide systems of support that included proactive strategies for defining, teaching, and supporting appropriate student behaviors to create positive school environments. Instead of using a piecemeal approach of individual behavioral management plans, a continuum of positive behavior support for all students within a school is implemented in areas including the classroom and non-classroom settings (such as hallways, buses, restrooms, etc.).
Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a proactive approach to establishing the behavioral supports and social culture and needed for all students in a school to achieve social, emotional and academic success. Attention is focused on creating and sustaining primary (school-wide), secondary (classroom), and tertiary (individual) systems of support that improve lifestyle results (personal, health, social, family, work, recreation) for all youth by making targeted misbehavior less effective, efficient, and relevant, and desired behavior more functional.
The following diagram illustrates the multi-level approach offered to all students in the school. These group depictions represent systems of support not children:
Frequently, the question is asked, “Why should we have to teach kids to be good? They already know what they are supposed to do. Why can we not just expect good behavior?” In the past, school-wide discipline has focused mainly on reacting to specific student misbehavior by implementing punishment-based strategies including reprimands, loss of privileges, office referrals, suspensions, and expulsions. Research has shown that the implementation of punishment, especially when it is used inconsistently and in the absence of other positive strategies, is ineffective. Introducing, modeling, and reinforcing positive social behavior is an important step of a student’s educational experience. Teaching behavioral expectations and rewarding students for following them is a much more positive approach than waiting for misbehavior to occur before responding. The purpose of school-wide PBIS is to establish a climate in which appropriate behavior is the norm.
* Outcomes: academic and behavior targets that are endorsed and emphasized by students, families, and educators. (What is important to each particular learning community?)
* Practices: interventions and strategies that are evidence based. (How will you reach the goals?)
* Data: information that is used to identify status, need for change, and effects of interventions. (What data will you use to support your success or barriers?)
* Systems: supports that are needed to enable the accurate and durable implementation of the practices of PBS. (What durable systems can be implemented that will sustain this over the long haul?)
Data-based decision-making aligns curricular instruction and behavioral supports to student and staff needs. Schools applying PBIS begin by establishing clear expectations for behavior that are taught, modeled, and reinforced across all settings and by all staff. This provides a host environment that supports the adoption and sustained use of effective academic and social/emotional instruction. PBIS has proven its effectiveness and efficiency as an Evidence-Based Practice. (Sugai & Horner, 2007).SWPBIS at Lawnton Elementary School:
Lawnton Elementary School adopted the principles of SWPBIS in August 2013. At this time, a committee of teachers was formed to develop and monitor our Tier 1/Universal Supports. This committee of teachers attended several trainings run by the Capital Area Intermediate Unit to learn about how to manage Tier 1 supports across all school settings. At this time, the committee determined the need for four rules (Be Respectful, Be Responsible, Be Prepared, and Be Safe). The committee also decided that we would reinforce students for engaging in appropriate behaviors through the use of tickets that could be exchanged for prizes at the school store. This committee meets one time per month and receives consulting assistance from our district Behavior Consultants as well as a CAIU Consultant.In February 2015, auditors from the Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network (PaTTAN) visited Lawnton Elementary School to evaluate our level of implementation of Tier 1 Supports. This was done through the use of the School Evaluation Tool (SET). Lawnton Elementary scored a level of 100% Implementation on the SET which was the highest score in local area. Additionally, Lawnton Elementary was recognized at the state-wide PBIS Implementer's Forum in May 2015, and was given a banner to hang in our school to recognize our achievement.The Tier 1 Team created and submitted a poster presentation for the PBIS Implementer's Forum that was held in May 2015, at the Hershey Lodge and Convention Center. Our poster presentation focused on our use of themes to increase student buy-in of our behavior system.Lawnton Elementary School - Tier 1 Behavior Committee:Mrs. BrunoMrs. VogleMrs. KaschakMr. PopeIn September 2014, a smaller committee (Tier 2 Behavior Team) was formed to analyze our school wide behavior data and determine which students would benefit from additional support. The Tier 2 Behavior Team meets once per cycle week to analyze and discuss the behavioral data of students who need additional behavioral support. The team then determines which interventions would be most beneficial to implement.Lawnton Elementary School - Tier 2 Behavior Committee (now referred to as MTSS Advanced Tiers):Mrs. BrunoMrs. LightnerMrs. HamiltonMrs. StinsonMrs. RadicMrs. LyonsMrs. KeffordMiss BayhnamMiss KleindienstMrs. McAnultyMrs. Hatfield